What is a clause in English language?

Today we will be delving into clauses in English language. Most generally when we are classifying sentences, it depends on the kind of clauses these sentences have. This makes it important for you to have an idea of clauses. But then you can be asking what really is a clause?


A clause is sentence or groups of words that contain a subject and a verb. We already have an idea of what a subject is. Truth is, clauses are the building blocks of English language.


The girl is going to school.


The subject as we have explained in our previous lessons is the girl while going is the verb or action word.


This is a clause as simple as it looks. Having an idea of clauses go a long way in adjusting your writing to the kind of audience you have, so you can perfectly send across the message you have in mind.


To begin with, we will have to look at the various classifications of the structures of clauses. In most cases, the simple sentence we generally have is made of one main clause only. These simple sentences don’t have subordinate clauses.


The main clause is not hard to identify in the sentence. Most times, the main clauses are joined by a coordinating conjunction. We have coordinating conjunctions like yet, nor, but, and as well as other conjunctions. Also, main clauses in our sentences can be joined by a comma, a semi colon as well as other means (which will be treated later).


Main clauses can make sense on their own. The previous sentence we used (the girl is going to school) is an example of the main clause.


Se other examples.


I love oranges.


I love mangoes.


Those are two examples of main clauses. Each sentence makes full meaning on its own and communicates a message independently, that is a main clause. Also, this is a simple sentence as it has only one main clause. Going further than simple sentences, we also have compound sentences.


Compound sentences have more than one main clauses. Compound clauses are formed when you bring together two main clauses. Referring to the last two sentences we used (I love oranges, I love mangoes), we can bring them together to form a compound sentence.


I love oranges and I love mangoes.


That is a compound sentence combining two main clauses joined by the connecting conjunction ‘and’.


Thus this is an introduction to our teaching series on clauses. In our subsequent lessons, we will be diving deeper into the sinews (depth) of clauses and it types and how to use it in our sentences.


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